What Nutrients Do Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans) Contain?

how much protein in chickpeas

Garbanzo beans are considered the most nutrient and caloric peas in many countries. They are used in vegan culture as well. Therefore, what is it in its composition chickpeas are that popular for?

Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans) Nutrition Facts

Bengal gram is the name of a plant of the legume family. Homeland of the chickpea is considered the Middle East region, where it has been cultivated for more than seven millennia. Garbanzo beans were widespread plants in ancient Greece and Rome, where this plant was considered a nice medical remedy.

Now chickpeas grow in more than 30 countries of the world. The largest producers of this beans are India, Turkey, Pakistan, Iran, Mexico, Australia, Ethiopia, China and others (mainly tropical and subtropical).

Mainly white-seed chickpeas are used in modern cuisines, but you can find black and green ones as well. There are plenty of different dishes with chickpeas, such as soups, garnishes, salads, snacks and of course the worldwide-known hummus.

Considering mentioned, garbanzo beans should be very useful and nutritious. And they are. As we said, there are three the most famous sorts: green, white and black. All of them are different, and not only by color. Let us dive deeper and learn what each of Bengal gram types can grant you!

Black Chickpeas Nutrition

Black and brown garbanzo beans are extremely popular in India, since this country cultivates the sort. You can find many Indian dishes where chickpeas are the main ingredient. That is because of its nice microelement content.

Black Bengal gram contains more calcium, phosphorus and magnesium than a regular white one does.

That is because of a different growth conditions. Thus, you would like to use this sort if you need some of these elements in your diet.

On the other hand, there are not much vitamins in black chickpeas. We are talking about 2-5% of your daily intake, which is really scanty. That is why this sort is not that popular all over the world. For almost the same amount of calories as in a white one, you do not get enough usefulness.

Green Chickpeas Nutrition

Green garbanzo beans are more popular than the previous sort for their low caloric value, as it is three times less. However, there are even less vitamins and microelements. These peas do not absorb much nutrients from earth. Green Bengal gram is more like regular beans.

Find out more about chickpeas:

There is not more than 5% of your daily norm for all the microelements in green garbanzo beans. Of course, you can increase the percentage by boiling or roasting it with some additives. But then what is the matter of using this sort?

White Chickpeas Nutrition

White garbanzo beans are the most popular ones. Sprouts of these peas contain high-quality proteins, fats and fiber. There is a large amount of calcium and other minerals such as magnesium and potassium in its content. In addition, it contains a lot of vitamins A and C.

White chickpeas exceed other legumes by the number of essential acids: methionine and tryptophan.

Talking about vitamins of group B, white chickpeas are the best. For example, there is more than half of a milligram of folate in 100 grams of raw garbanzo beans. And your daily intake is only 0.4 mg. Your body needs all of group B vitamins to let new cells grow and develop. These substances take part in all vital process, including tissues forming and blood circulating.

If you want to save chickpeas health benefits for longer, you can dry them. This way no vitamins or minerals will be lost, and dried Bengal gram can be stored for years. It is also a nice idea to roast or boil chickpeas. There is a difference in nutritional composition, but most of useful structures do not change under heat treatment. The amount of them decreases, however.

How Much Protein is in Chickpeas?

Chickpeas are a true dream of a nutritionist. There are even several scientific papers that justify the advantage of this plant over other sources of vegetable protein, soy in particular. Bengal gram contains both protein and carbohydrates in good amounts, and can be a universal food product. Chickpeas give human body a full set of essential amino acids. Therefore, this product is included in diets of vegetarians all around the world.

The thing is chickpeas protein is digested somewhat easier than the one from regular peas. Therefore, flour from this plant is often used for cooking baby porridge.

Moreover, 50% of a daily intake is just what sportsmen need to make their muscles grow faster. Even if you do no exercises, your body will appreciate a nice amount of completely digestible proteins.

Green chickpeas, on the other hand, contain a lot less amino acids than white or black ones. This makes them even easier to be digested, but with no good use.

How Many Carbs are in Chickpeas?

Since chickpeas are highly calorized, the amount of carbs in them is also big. Thus, 100 grams of white Bengal gram contains a half of your daily intake. That is a lot, if you roast it and eat as a main dish. However, you can add chickpeas to some salads – then they will not take such a huge part of everyday consumption.

Green garbanzo beans, which are not that much calorized, contain a lot less carbohydrates as well.

You can eat these ones as is. By the way, it is popular to add canned chickpeas to dishes in order to make them taste better and be more nutritious. Fats are not that much in chickpeas. Considering there are only vegetable ones, it is no big deal at all.

Chickpeas Nutrition Chart (Glycemic Index = 30)

Boiled Chickpeas

Name of nutrition component Content in 1 cup Content per 100 g Percent of daily intake*
Proteins 22.0 g 8.8 g 19.1%
Fats 6.5 g 2.6 g 9.6%
Carbohydrates 68.5 g 27.4 g 21.1%
Fiber 19.0 g 7.6 g 30.4%
Calcium 123 mg 49 mg 4.9%
Iron 8 mg 3 mg 16.7%
Magnesium 120 mg 48 mg 15.0%
Phosphorus 418 mg 167 mg 23.9%
Potassium 730 mg 292 mg 6.2%
Sodium 18 mg 7 mg 0.3%
Zinc 3.8 mg 1.5 mg 18.8%
Vitamin A 3 µg 1 µg 0.1%
Vitamin B1 290 µg 116 µg 10.5%
Vitamin B2 158 µg 63 µg 5.7%
Vitamin B3 (PP) 1318 µg 527 µg 3.7%
Vitamin B6 348 µg 139 µg 10.7%
Vitamin B9 430 µg 172 µg 43.0%
Vitamin B12
Vitamin C 3.3 mg 1.3 mg 1.7%
Vitamin D
Vitamin E 875 µg 350 µg 2.3%
Vitamin K 10 µg 4 µg 4.4%
Cholesterol

* chickpeas nutrients according to USDA

Raw Chickpeas

table of chickpeas nutrition facts per 100 g

Name of nutrition component Content in 1 cup Content per 100 g Percent of daily intake*
Proteins 51.3 g 20.5 g 44.6%
Fats 15.3 g 6.1 g 22.6%
Carbohydrates 157.5 g 63.0 g 48.5%
Fiber 30.8 g 12.3 g 49.2%
Calcium 143 mg 57 mg 5.7%
Iron 10 mg 4 mg 22.2%
Magnesium 198 mg 79 mg 24.7%
Phosphorus 633 mg 253 mg 36.1%
Potassium 1798 mg 719 mg 15.3%
Sodium 60 mg 24 mg 1.0%
Zinc 8 mg 3 mg 37.5%
Vitamin A 8 µg 3 µg 0.4%
Vitamin B1 1193 µg 477 µg 43.4%
Vitamin B2 533 µg 213 µg 19.4%
Vitamin B3 (PP) 3.8 mg 1.5 mg 10.7%
Vitamin B6 1335 µg 534 µg 41.1%
Vitamin B9 1393 µg 557 µg 139.3%
Vitamin B12
Vitamin C 10 mg 4 mg 5.3%
Vitamin D
Vitamin E 2050 µg 820 µg 5.3%
Vitamin K 23 µg 9 µg 10.0%
Cholesterol

* according to USDA

Canned Chickpeas

Name of nutrition component Content in 1 cup Content per 100 g Percent of daily intake*
Proteins 17.8 g 7.1 g 15.4%
Fats 7.0 g 2.8 g 10.4%
Carbohydrates 56.3 g 22.5 g 17.3%
Fiber 16.0 g 6.4 g 25.6%
Calcium 113 mg 45 mg 4.5%
Iron 3 mg 1 mg 5.5%
Magnesium 65 mg 26 mg 8.1%
Phosphorus 213 mg 85 mg 12.4%
Potassium 315 mg 126 mg 2.7%
Sodium 615 mg 246 mg 10.7%
Zinc 1.5 mg 0.6 mg 7.5%
Vitamin A 3 µg 1 µg 0.1%
Vitamin B1 68 µg 27 µg 2.5%
Vitamin B2 38 µg 15 µg 1.4%
Vitamin B3 (PP) 350 µg 140 µg 1.0%
Vitamin B6 293 µg 117 µg 9.0%
Vitamin B9 120 µg 48 µg 12.0%
Vitamin B12
Vitamin C 250 µg 100 µg 0.1%
Vitamin D
Vitamin E 725 µg 290 µg 1.9%
Vitamin K 8 µg 3 µg 3.3%
Cholesterol

* according to USDA

Garbanzo beans are unique for their vitamin content. You can barely find any other plant with such enormous amounts of some nutrients. Chickpeas are really healthy and beneficial. They can replace meat in vegan diets and be a nice additive to any regular meal. Tell us about your favorite recipes with Bengal gram in a comment section!

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